Gastroenteritis during pregnancy, have to prevent

Gastroenteritis refers to inflammation of the gastric mucosa and intestinal mucosa caused by bacteria in food. Symptoms include diarrhoea and vomiting, often accompanied by abdominal cramps, fever, and sweating. Summer is a high incidence and is more common in Southeast Asia. Because of its humid and hot climate, it is simply a "paradise for bacteria." Especially the tourists who come here for sightseeing or those who immigrate to this place, when they are patronizing the street food, they may not pay attention to it, and they may go straight to the toilet as soon as they arrive. Even in the kitchen of a five-star hotel, as long as the chef or restaurant waiter has a little bit of "lazy", and does not strictly follow the sanitation procedures, it is easy for diners to suffer from gastroenteritis.

Especially for expectant mothers during pregnancy, no matter where they go, what they eat is sloppy. Although pulling the stomach a few times may not cause much impact on the mother, it will have very serious consequences for the baby still in the stomach. Strictly speaking, most bacteria do not directly harm the baby's health. Some "special" bacteria, such as Listeria, can cause meningitis, while Salmonella can cause diarrhoea or typhoid fever. Even worse, they can infect their baby directly through the placenta. Therefore, once the symptoms of the expectant mother become severe, such as high fever, severe diarrhoea, dehydration or abnormal fetal movement, they should be taken to the hospital for further examination.
In addition, expectant mothers should pay attention to the vomiting and diarrhoea during the nursing process, which may cause the body to lose moisture quickly, and a large amount of drinking water can not alleviate the dehydration caused by it, so that the body's demand for salt and sugar can not be met in time. At this time, the most sensible approach is oral saline. If the expectant mother is accompanied by dizziness or vomiting, try the most traditional anti-pregnancy method – contain a piece of ginger or oral vitamin B6 to relieve discomfort.

In medicine, the more common over-the-counter antidiarrheal drugs are loperamide, loperamide hydrochloride, etc., but this type of medicine is not suitable for expectant mothers, especially in severe diarrhea. Other safer over-the-counter drugs can effectively relieve diarrhea, such as Medila-S capsules containing large amounts of probiotics, or Smecta, a white powder-like drug that quickly eliminates bacterial infections in the gastrointestinal tract, and Not absorbed by the body, it can be directly excreted.

Of course, I hope that expectant mothers should avoid getting gastroenteritis during pregnancy. This requires careful attention to daily food hygiene. The following tips are for your reference:

◎ Minimize the number of frozen foods purchased in supermarkets, because such foods usually melt when they arrive home;

◎ refuse to eat meat and eggs that are not fully cooked;

◎ Vegetables should be thoroughly cleaned before consumption;

◎ Prepare two chopping boards, one for cutting raw meat and one for cutting cooked food;

◎ Do not eat more food that has been heated more than twice;

◎ Wash hands before preparing ingredients.

In order to avoid Listeria infection, the following foods must be banned:

Frozen meat stuffing;
Cooked or frozen meat that has not been sterilized by high temperature;
Unpasteurized dairy products and soft cheeses;
Cold food and smoked, seafood food.

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